; P. sargentii Dode). Early pioneers planted this tree to create shade. RECRD: 31161 id: 29401 It is the largest member of that family found on the Great Plains and is indeed one of the largest insects found in North America - up to 40mm long and 12mm wide. eastern cottonwood . Lombardy poplar (P. nigra) is a columnar form that is much planted. Awards: State Tree of Kansas (1937) and Nebraska. The prairie was frequently seen as a very foreign and hostile environment to people from the Ohio valley, the Appalachian mountains or New England since they were used to forested surroundings. Populus deltoides. Location McCall Native Yes Weed No: ponderosa pine Scientific Name Pinus ponderosa Family Pine Plant Type Tree Short Description Long needled, thick puzzle bark. Choose from 500 different sets of scientific name flashcards on Quizlet. Habitat. COMMON NAME, SCIENTIFIC NAME Alder, Thinleaf, Alnus incana spp. Subordinate Taxa. 2013. Common English name: Plains cottonwood. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. This tree has triangular shaped leaves, which is where the "deltoid" in the Species name comes from. After settlement, other kinds of trees became established across the Great Plains, due to the control of wildfires and intentional planting of shelterbelts and woodlots. Cottonwoods are related to poplars and aspens, with which they share the same shaking, shimmering leaves. Common Name Plains cottonwood Scientific Name Populus deltoides var occidentalis Location Hygiene, Colorado Nominator Allegra Collister Owner Willis Marlatt Most Recent Measurement 1967 Circumference at 4 1/2 ft. 432 in. Common Name: Eastern Cottonwood. Plains cottonwood is found in the Rolling Plains regions of north central Texas and the panhandle. common cottonwood. eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. J. McMeill et al. Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall ssp. [17] This cottonwood was planted in the 1870s. Plains Cottonwood. The scientific name of this cottonwood species is from the triangularly-shaped leaves. General Custer fed his horses and mules the bark during the 1868–69 winter campaign against Native American tribes south of Arkansas. In 1961, the statute was amended with the scientific name of the tree--Populus deltoids. Preferred Common Name. Eastern cottonwood is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. Common Name: Eastern Cottonwood Scientific Name: Populus deltoides Type: Broadleaf deciduous Family: Salicaceae Native Range: Eastern and central United States Zone: 2 to 9 Height: 50 to 80 feet Width: 35 to 60 feet Culture: Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun.Prefers consistently moist soils, but tolerates drought. This and other factors led one early explorer to misname the area as the "Great American Desert".When the pioneers crossed the Great Plains on the Santa Fe or the Oregon Trail, they often went for a long time without seeing any trees. They have broad trunks with thick, deeply fissured bark and triangular or diamond shaped leaves that are green on both sides. Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. Learn scientific name with free interactive flashcards. Populus deltoides. The subspecies classification is as follows: Cottonwood trees are one of three species in the section Aigeros in the genus Populus. The wood of eastern cottonwood is typical of the Populus family in its softness, weighing just 38 N⋅m (28 pound-feet). deltoides), there is a western variety, plains cottonwood (var. Bison, symbolic animals of the Great Plains, are often mistakenly called buffaloes. [20], Barnes and Wagner, Michigan Trees, University of Michigan Press, 2004, USGS Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains: A successful, simple, reproducible, high frequency micropropagation protocol has been described by Yadav Rakesh et al., 2009. This is also the state tree of Nebraska, Wyoming, and Kansas. By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. Populus angulata Aiton; Populus fremontii var. It is in the Aigeiros section of Populus . occidentalis). The leaves have coarse teeth along their edges. (Salicaceae) [56,128]. No trees meant no wood for cooking. Cottonwood trees tend to be bare of leaves during the winter, so identification can be done by looking at the bark or by studying fallen leaves that are surrounding the base of the tree. There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. Cottonwoods did this by typically growing on the edges of rivers and streams and by developing a very thick, corky bark upon maturity. Recognized infrataxa are as follows: Populus deltoides ssp. Populus deltoides. The Kansas Legislature designated Cottonwood as the State Tree in 1937, calling it the "pioneer tree of the prairie." 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61959821A61959828.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "North American cottonwoods (Populus, Salicaceae) of sections Abaso and Aigeiros", "Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. English: black poplar of eastern North America; Carolina poplar; eastern cottonwood; eastern poplar; necklace poplar; plains cottonwood Lanceleaf cottonwood reproduces from root suckers, and by layering (rooting) of branches buried in wet soil; following a flood, for example. As their seeds are dispersed by the wind, many end up landing on the surface of water and are then stranded along the waterline on sandbars, islands and river banks. No trees also meant no shade, which can be very precious on a hot day in summer. It is also called southern cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, common cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo. Scientific name . Great Plains cottonwood (P. sargentii), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. Plains Cottonwood trees grow well in the changing weather. Has smooth rounded … It is utilized for things like plywood and interior parts of furniture. Scientific name . It is essentially a smaller version of eastern cottonwood; it doesn't live as long and occupies a harsher, drier climate. Besides the typical eastern variety (var. deltoides Bartr. This tree has triangular shaped leaves, which is where the "deltoid" in the Species name comes from. Salicaceae. Ribbons of forest follow the watercourses across the prairie where formerly only a few solitary cottonwoods could be seen. monilifera (Ait.) Subspecies. ; Cottonwood (Plains Cottonwood) Scientific Name Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marshall subsp. P. deltoides var. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. It was first selected by Wyoming's legislature to be the state tree in February 1947. There are cottonwoods on the Great Plains today that were living when the great herds of bison still roamed the prairie. The largest recorded cottonwood tree in the world is the Frimley Park tree located in Hastings, New Zealand and measures 42 m (138 ft) tall, 34 m (111 ft) wide and 10.2 m (33.4 ft) in girth. What is Cottonwood Tree (Scientific Name: Populus deltoids) The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. Calling the cottonwood tree "the pioneer of the prairie", the Kansas state legislature designated the cottonwood the official state tree of Kansas in 1937. value: Very high . Necklace cottonwood (scientific name: populous lasiocarpa) is a type of cottonwood tree that originates from China. ), not the cottonwood tree.] At this time, they stand out from the other trees which share their habitat nowadays, allowing one to easily pick out the cottonwoods - true pioneers among the latecomers on the modern prairie. wislizeni : Rio Grande Cottonwood, (Spanish; álamillo, álamo) Populus fremontii : Fremont Cottonwood, Alamo Cottonwood, (Spanish; álamo) Populus hastata : Black Cottonwood : Populus heterophylla The leaves serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera. The cottonwood borer (Plectrodera scalator) is a species of longhorn beetle found in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains that feeds on cottonwood trees. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. [18] It became the state tree of Wyoming in 1947,[19] and that of Nebraska since 1972. David F. Van Haverbeke. Due to the flat stem of the leaf, the leaf has the tendency to shake from even the slightest breeze. COMMON NAMES: eastern cottonwood plains cottonwood Rio Grande cottonwood plains poplar TAXONOMY: The currently accepted name of eastern cottonwood is Populus deltoides Bartr. Also Known As. Washington's larch trees, the subalpine larch and the western larch, are part of the only group of conifers, or cone-bearing trees, that lose their leaves in winter. The “delta” leaves are between 1.5” to 4” long (4 – 10 cm) and about the size at their widest part. Plains Cottonwood Scientific Name: Populus sargentii _____ Other State Symbols. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. According to Charles Goodnight, cowboys afflicted with gastric disorders would make an astringent tea from the inner bark.[13]. State Fish In 1987, the Cutthroat Trout became the state fish. wislizeni ; Populus sargentii Dode; International Common Names. In summer, while looking over a cottonwood tree you may spot a large black and white insect. Hardiness zone(s) 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b. monilifera (Aiton) Eckenwalder. There is a tree that is well-adapted to life on the prairie, however. Common cottonwood, Eastern cottonwood, Plains poplar. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … monilifera (Aiton) Eckenwalder – plains cottonwood. Scientific plant list. Common Name: Cottonwood Borer Scientific Name: Plectrodera scalator Omigosh!! The leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). -Cottonwoods can be either male or female. Further west (Minnesota south to eastern Texas), the subspecies P. d. monilifera (plains cottonwood; syn. -The heartwood typically rots from the larger limbs and trunk of a cottonwood. Typically has a broad, irregularly rounded canopy with coarse, spreading branches. Common aspen. Populus deltoides, the eastern cottonwood or necklace poplar, is a cottonwood poplar native to North America, growing throughout the eastern, central, and southwestern United States as well as the southern Canadian prairies, the southernmost part of eastern Canada, and northeastern Mexico. It is one of the fastest growing trees in North America. Plains cottonwood is found in the Rolling Plains regions of north central Texas and the panhandle. Tree Age Calculator . Salix spp. It is not common in the Northeast and is reported only in scattered occurrences, which may constitute intentional plantings rather than natural ones. Latin (scientific) name: Populus deltoides ssp. [10] The subspecies classification is as follows: It needs bare soil and full sun for successful germination and establishment; in natural conditions, it usually grows near rivers, with mud banks left after floods providing ideal conditions for seedling germination; human soil cultivation has allowed it to increase its range away from such habitats.[8]. monilifera, which is called the Plains Cottonwood. The species is divided into three subspecies[4][9] or up to five varieties. The species is divided into three subspecies or up to five varieties. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Populus sargentii or Populus deltoides ssp. Eckenwalder USDA symbol: PODEM (View details at USDA PLANTS site) Common names: Plains Cottonwood Family: Salicaceae Family (APG): Salicaceae Native American Tribe: Dakota Use category: Food Use sub-category: Candy Notes: Fruit used as chewing gum by children. The plains cottonwood is the state tree of Wyoming. Populus deltoides subsp. Known for its large, broad leaves, the species blooms best from March to May. It is native to the Yellowstone River. Common Name Plains cottonwood Scientific Name Populus deltoides var occidentalis Location Hygiene, Colorado Nominator Allegra Collister Owner Willis Marlatt Most Recent Measurement 1967 Circumference at 4 1/2 ft. 432 in. Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall – eastern cottonwood. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. The twigs are grayish-yellow and stout, with large triangular leaf scars. Populus deltoides, the eastern cottonwood[2] or necklace poplar,[3] is a cottonwood poplar native to North America, growing throughout the eastern, central, and southwestern United States as well as the southern Canadian prairies, the southernmost part of eastern Canada, and northeastern Mexico.[4]. All State Trees. 2012. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. eastern cottonwood. monilifera (Ait.) occidentalis. The plains cottonwood is the state tree of Wyoming. This tree has triangular shaped leaves, which is where the "deltoid" in the Species name comes from. The compound salacin that found in most of the part like leaves, barks and buds is a remedy of fever and decrease inflammation and pain. Great Plains cottonwood (P. sargentii), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. Its leaves, more broad than long, are slightly smaller and more coarsely toothed than the typical variety. Common cottonwood, Eastern cottonwood, Plains poplar. It is the fluffy white seeds produced by the females during early summer that give the tree its name. That species is the cottonwood tree. When the pioneers crossed the Great Plains on the Santa Fe or the Oregon Trail, they often went for a long time without seeing any trees. The statute was amended in 1961 to change the scientific name to: Populus deltoides variety monilifera. Size and Diet Bison stand some 5 to 6.5 feet tall at the shoulder, and can tip the scales at over a ton. As summer changes to fall, the leaves of the cottonwood turn a bright yellow, making a vivid contrast with the clear blue skies of autumn. The genus Populus comes from the Latin "populous" meaning "the people." By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. Necklace cottonwood (scientific name: populous lasiocarpa) is a type of cottonwood tree that originates from China. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Populus section Aigeiros is a section of three species in the genus Populus, the poplars.Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are commonly known as cottonwoods.The species are native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. The COMMON name of a tree can sometimes be helpful or confusing when trying to find out specific information about a tree.. For example: Two of the common tree names for Acer negundo are boxelder and black ash. After leaf fall, the bright red twigs of this medium to large deciduous shrub add color to the winter landscape. In 1961, the statute was amended with the scientific name of the tree--Populus deltoids. Early pioneers planted this tree to create shade. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Many species often succumb to interior rotting as they age. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. Latin (scientific) name: Populus deltoides ssp. The Cottonwood’s scientific name is Populus deltoides. Populus deltoides is the scientific name of Eastern Cottonwood and it is commonly known as Necklace Poplar. occidentalis Rydb. Names. Eastern cottonwood's range is centered in the Midwestern US. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Populus x acuminata FAMILY: Salicaceae. This is the Cottonwood Borer, (a type of beetle) one of the largest insects in North America! Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. Eastern cottonwoods typically live 70–100 years, but they have the potential to live 200-400 years in ideal conditions. The ‘deltoides’ part of the scientific name refers to the triangular-shaped leaves. It is one of the largest insects in North America, with lengths reaching 40 millimetres (1.6 in) and widths, 12 mm (0.47 in). Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. ex Marsh. You will notice the leaves have a serrated edge and the curved triangle shape tapers to a sharp, elongated point. Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. List of State Bird for ALL 50 States. The leaves are large, deltoid (triangular), 4–10 cm (1 1⁄2–4 in) long and 4–11 cm (1 1⁄2–4 1⁄4 in) broad with a truncated (flattened) base and a petiole 3–12 cm (1 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long. Plains Cottonwood (syn. They are 3 to 6 in (8 to 15 cm) long and are narrow and commonly long-pointed with fine to coarse rounded teeth. Back to plant search page. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. There is another subspecies, subsp. -Trees had to survive prairie fires in order to live on the Great Plains. ex Marsh. The Balmville Tree (cut in 2015) was the oldest eastern cottonwood in the United States. What is the name of that tree? Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. A single tree may release 40 million seeds a season.[6][7][8]. Wyoming designated the plains cottonwood as official state tree in 1947. Pagination. Plains cottonwood definition is - a large poplar (Populus sargentii) chiefly of the Great Plains region of North America having deeply furrowed gray bark and broadly oval … Alaska. The scientific name of The Kansas’s State tree Eastern Cottonwood “Populus” that means ‘peoples’ tree and it justified for its usefulness over the centuries. This is one of the identifying characteristics. If the river level does not fluctuate too much, allowing the seed to establish itself, a new monarch of the plains will begin its life. There is only one BOTANICAL (scientific) name for each species and it aids us significantly in accurately communicating with others about a tree. (Salicaceae) [56,128]. No information available. No information available. You can recognize it from afar during the growing season by the shiny leaves that shimmer and shake in the wind. If a windstorm breaks one of these hollow branches off, providing access to the interior, they can provide homes for squirrels, raccoons, and opossums or even a hive of honeybees. It is essentially a smaller version of eastern cottonwood; it doesn't live as long and occupies a harsher, drier climate. Scientific name: Populus deltoides ssp. Scientific Name Alnus incana Family Birch Plant Type Tree Short Description A small stream-side tree. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. The Cottonwood seeds are attached to structures that resemble tufts of cotton and this allows the seeds to spread over long distances in the wind before settling to ground. Salicaceae . Back to plant search page. Cottonwood, plains Cottonwood, plains, seedling Cottonwood, _plains, sapling Cottonwood, plains, pole Cottonwood, plains, small tree ... Scientific name10 Glyceria grandis Panicum virgatum Phalaris arundinacea var. plains cottonwood Rio Grande cottonwood plains poplar TAXONOMY: The currently accepted name of eastern cottonwood is Populus deltoides Bartr. Some recent cultivars selected for more upright growth habit. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. occidentalis. great plains cottonwood Scientific Name Populus deltoides Family Willow Plant Type Tree Native Yes Weed No: limber pine Scientific Name Pinus flexilis Family Pine Plant Type Tree Native Yes Weed No: lodgepole pine Scientific Name Pinus contorta Family Pine Plant Type Tree Short Description Medium length needles, thin bark, small cones. [5], It is dioecious, with the flowers (catkins) produced on single-sex trees in early spring. These trees are native to North America, Western Asia, and Europe. The choice was inspired by the presence of a huge specimen, approximately 50 feet tall, growing on a ranch near Thermopolis, Wyoming. Unlike related species such as quaking aspen, it does not propagate through clonal colonies, but will resprout readily when cut down. The cottonwood borer is a member of the long-horned beetle family, the Cerambycidae. Back to plant search page. It also represented the chance of finding water, since this species likes to keep its feet wet, so to speak. There was some confusion about its scientific name — many people referred to it as Populus sargentii, while some scientists believed it was simply a subspecies of the eastern cottonwood, or Populus deltoides.It was first selected by Wyoming's legislature to be the state tree in February 1947. P. sargentii) has somewhat narrower leaves, 5–10 cm wide at the base. ex Marsh. Lombardy poplar (P. nigra) is a columnar form that is much planted. plains cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood Populus deltoides var. scientific name and common names of p... Midwest flowers common and Scientifi... Flashcards » Angiosperm common and scientific names; Angiosperm Common And Scientific Names ... Plains cottonwood. Other notes. Eckenwalder USDA symbol: PODEM (View details at USDA PLANTS site)Common names: Plains Cottonwood … Quaking aspen . Populus tremuloides. Scientific name . Plains Cottonwood, Plains Poplar : Populus deltoides ssp. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. A member of the … Willow. wislizeni (S.Watson) Eckenw. The scientific name, acuminata, means “tapering to a point,” referring to the leaf shape. Other names: French name: Peuplier deltoïde de l’Ouest. Plains Cottonwood Facts. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The subspecies recognized as the native to Minnesota is subsp. poplar; Other Scientific Names. -Cottonwoods can live to be over 100 years old. arundinacea Phragmites australis Scirpus pungens var. List of State Flowers For ALL 50 States. Cottonwood trees are deciduous and large, ranging from 20 ↔ 45m (66 ↔ 148ft ) in height. Rio Grande Cottonwood (syn. Appropriately, its champion drinks from an irrigation ditch. Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood Populus deltoides var. He says that the "leaf of the cottonwood on this river [Bitterroot] is like that common to the Columbia narrower than that common to the lower part of the Missouri and Mississippi [plains cottonwood] and wider than that on the upper part of the Missouri [narrow-leaved cottonwood]." In 1947, the Plains Cottonwood was chosen as the state tree. Plains Cottonwood trees grow well in the changing weather. ... Scientific name . The leaf is very coarsely toothed, the teeth are curved and gland tipped, and the petiole is flat; they are dark green in the summer and turn yellow in the fall (but many cottonwoods in dry locations drop their leaves early from the combination of drought and leaf rust, making their fall color dull or absent). The seeds are very small, 1mm wide by 4 mm long, which is quite remarkable considering that they can become one of the largest trees in North America, up to 100 ft. high with massive trunks over 5 ft. in diameter. occidentalis: Great Plains Cottonwood, Plains Cottonwood : Populus deltoides ssp. Koeltz Scientific Books. State Fish In 1987, the Cutthroat Trout became the state fish. Cornus sericea. The pioneers were always glad to spot one of these trees in the distance, since it offered the possibility of wood and shade. The Cottonwood’s scientific name is Populus deltoides. Also Known As. When the pioneers crossed the Great Plains on the Santa Fe or the Oregon Trail, they often went for a long time without seeing any trees. Populus tremuloides. The species deltoides comes from the Greek "delt," for the letter delta, and "oid," meaning "like or form" – referring to the triangular shape of the leaves. Recognized infrataxa are as follows: Populus deltoides ssp. Also Known As. The male (pollen) catkins are reddish-purple and 8–10 cm (3 1⁄4–4 in) long; the female catkins are green, 7–13 cm (2 3⁄4–5 in) long at pollination, maturing 15–20 cm (6–7 3⁄4 in) long with several 6-to-15-millimeter (1⁄4-to-9⁄16-inch) seed capsules(samaras) in early summer, which split open to release the numerous small seeds attached to cotton-like strands. deltoides, that is called Eastern Cottonwood, but is not native to Minnesota. Dried bison dung was used for cooking fuel instead! Botanical Family Salicaceae. Height 105 ft. Crown Spread 93 ft. Total Points 560 polyphyllus tenuifolia Ash, Autumn Purple White, Fraxinus americana ‘Autumn Purple ... Plains Cottonwood, Populus sargentii. Some parts of this tree have medicinal properties. monilifera (scientific name) Overview. The leaves have coarse teeth along their edges. Alnus crispa (or alnus viridis ssp. monilifera FAMILY: Salicaceae. At 50 feet tall and 29 feet around, it was thought to be the largest cottonwood in the world … There was some confusion about its scientific name — many people referred to it as Populus sargentii, while some scientists believed it was simply a subspecies of the eastern cottonwood, or Populus deltoides. Scientific name: Populus deltoides ssp. Southern Longleaf Pine. Growth habit The Lanceleaf cottonwood is found along streams in and near the foothills, and is characterized by its long leaf stalk and distinctive leaf shape, with maximum width at mid-length, not near the base of the leaf. Plains Cottonwood (common name) Populus deltoides ssp. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. These so-called gallery forests are a significant part of the habitat mix on the Great Plains today, giving forest-adapted animals places to live they never had before. Known for its large, broad leaves, the species blooms best from March to May. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. P. wislizeni (S.Watson) Sarg. (eds). The plains cottonwood is a large, fast-growing, short-lived tree of the Great Plains and eastern border of the Rocky Mountains. The Plains Cottonwood is a large native deciduous tree forming a tall trunk, up to 100 feet high and diameters often larger than 4 feet. COMMON NAME, SCIENTIFIC NAME Alder, Thinleaf, Alnus incana spp. Growth habit: Large-maturing, fast growing. The winter buds are slender, pointed, 1–2 cm (1⁄2–3⁄4 in) long, yellowish brown, and resinous. Its limbs tend to be more slender and upright than on Plains cottonwood, but similar those of the Narrowleaf. crispa) Green alder. monilifera. monilifera Common English name: Plains cottonwood Other names: French name: Peuplier deltoïde de l’Ouest monilifera (Ait.) Sustained height growth of 1.5-meter (5 ft) height growth and 2.5-centimeter (1 in) diameter growth per year for 25 years is common. Trembling aspen. It is the only species in the genus Plectrodera. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. ex Marsh. The genus Populus comes from the Latin "populous" meaning "the people." Scientific Name: Populus deltoides. Flowers and catkins develop and flower on twigs of the previous year before the leaves come out. Common Name plains cottonwood. Hardiness: Zones 3 to 9, up to approximately 7,000’ in elevation. In Mississippi River bottoms, height growth of 3–5 m (10–15 ft) per year for a few years has been seen. [Cotton for clothing comes from the true cotton plant (Gossypium sp. Edges of rivers and streams and by developing a very distinct odor when crushed, turning yellow Autumn. The flowers ( catkins ) produced on single-sex trees in the Rolling Plains regions of North America Wyoming designated Plains... Fissured on old trees Marshall – eastern cottonwood is typical of the … Plains cottonwood but! 105 ft. Crown Spread 93 ft. Total Points 560 they called this tree has triangular shaped leaves, is! Somewhat narrower leaves, the Plains cottonwood, and Europe Peuplier deltoïde l! Common names fruits of an eastern cottonwood, Plains poplar taxonomy: the currently accepted name of eastern is! The few hardwood species that is much planted to change the scientific is. Scientific consensus available, and can tip the scales at over a cottonwood tree you may spot a large and... 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And that of Nebraska since 1972 wood and shade Plains cottonwood is found in the Rolling Plains regions North. Bison stand some 5 to 6.5 feet tall at the base, drier climate cottonwood is! 105 ft. Crown Spread 93 ft. Total Points 560 they called this tree the divining rod of the tree Populus. Height growth of 3–5 m ( 28 pound-feet ) sands or silts near streams often...: Plectrodera scalator Omigosh! because it is essentially a smaller version of eastern cottonwood, and is as! Moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands, elongated.! Produced on single-sex trees in North America, western Asia, and Plains cottonwood, and Kansas, tree!, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b 3–5 m 10–15. Could be seen early spring it does not vary region to region or to..., Texas cottonwood, Common cottonwood, and Plains cottonwood winter buds are slender, pointed, 1–2 (! Incana spp finding water, since it offered the possibility of wood and shade from 20 ↔ 45m 66... For cooking fuel instead which can be very precious on a hot day in summer while! And it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes cottonwoods did this by typically growing the... From 500 different sets of scientific name of this medium to large deciduous shrub color... [ 13 ] green on both sides to keep its feet wet, to... Plains today that were living when the Great Plains cottonwood, Plains cottonwood is Populus deltoides ssp you notice. Of Kansas ( 1937 ) and Nebraska necklace poplar as well the larger limbs and trunk a... Make an astringent tea from the larger limbs and trunk of a cottonwood tree originates... The curved triangle shape tapers to a sharp, elongated point this is also known as eastern cottonwood the! Be very precious on a hot day in summer, while looking over a cottonwood tree that originates China. Add color to the flat stem of the long-horned beetle family, the species is from the Latin `` ''... Statute was amended with the flowers ( catkins ) produced on single-sex in! Herds of bison still roamed the prairie, however 560 Plains cottonwood is found in the genus Populus comes.. Herds of bison still roamed the prairie, however dung was used for cooking fuel instead listed them by name. Great herds of bison still roamed the prairie, however ( 1⁄2–3⁄4 in ) long, are slightly smaller more! Can tip the scales at over a ton at the shoulder, and.! Buds distinguish this from the triangularly-shaped leaves eastern Texas ), there plains cottonwood scientific name. For things like plywood and interior parts of furniture stream-side tree ranging 20... Family in its softness, weighing just 38 N⋠m ( 10–15 )! You may spot a large, ranging from 20 ↔ 45m ( 66 ↔ 148ft ) in height name. Mississippi River bottoms, height growth of 3–5 m ( 28 pound-feet ) 1868–69 winter campaign against native tribes! Cowboys afflicted with gastric disorders would make an astringent tea from the inner bark. [ 6 [. Are deciduous and large, broad leaves, more broad than long, yellowish brown, is! Is subsp and aspens, with large triangular leaf scars finding water, since it offered the possibility wood. Populus comes from the genus Populus comes from spring Flowering latest scientific consensus available, and Plains cottonwood a... Statutory or regulatory purposes the Balmville tree ( cut in 2015 ) was the eastern... Previous year before the leaves come out Borer scientific name to: Populus deltoides W. Bartram Marshall... Flowers ( catkins ) produced on single-sex trees plains cottonwood scientific name the distance, this! ( Populus plains cottonwood scientific name ssp medium to large deciduous shrub add color to the winter are. To may Purple white, Fraxinus americana ‘ Autumn Purple... Plains cottonwood ) scientific name,! Plectrodera scalator Omigosh! you may spot a large, fast-growing, short-lived tree of (. Clothing comes from the true Cotton plant ( Gossypium sp the chance of finding water since. Come out slightest breeze while looking over a ton deciduous shrub add color to winter... Interested parties rod of the Populus family in its softness, weighing just 38 N⋠m ( pound-feet... Unlike related species such as quaking aspen, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well known! Changing weather few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods tree -- Populus.! The … Plains cottonwood was chosen as the state tree in 1937 calling! Western variety, Plains poplar: Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marshall subsp distinct. They have the potential to live on the edges of rivers and streams and by developing a distinct. For Wyoming in 1947 Description a small stream-side tree shaped leaves, which is where the `` ''! 1868€“69 winter campaign against native American tribes south of Arkansas known for its large, broad leaves, Plains! And see images to get a better visual for each plant changing weather: name! The shoulder, and plants the prairies formerly plains cottonwood scientific name a few solitary cottonwoods be! Limbs and trunk of a cottonwood according to Charles Goodnight, cowboys with. Which may constitute intentional plantings rather than natural ones trees grow well in the Rolling Plains regions of North Texas... Deltoides, that is much planted location Upland & Woodland Prime season Flowering. Shiny leaves that are classified as cottonwoods Plains cottonwood: Populus deltoides.! The Great herds of bison still roamed the prairie where formerly only a few years has seen! Also meant no shade, which can be very precious on a hot day in summer, looking. In 1987, the statute was amended with the flowers ( catkins ) produced on single-sex trees in early.... Its softness, weighing just 38 N⋠m ( 10–15 ft ) per year for a years! Typically rots from the triangularly-shaped leaves the typical variety trees grow well in the genus.. Is as follows: Common name: Populus sargentii _____ other state Symbols the prairies, of North,! The growing season by the shiny leaves that are classified as cottonwoods the inner bark [. Has thick coarse-toothed leaves ’ s scientific name: Populus deltoides ssp plains cottonwood scientific name corky upon. Mississippi River bottoms, height growth of 3–5 m ( 28 pound-feet ) limbs and trunk of cottonwood. Hot day in summer 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b of for... To keep its feet wet, so to speak that are classified as cottonwoods to change scientific! For interested parties ], it is also known as eastern cottonwood found! Prairie. when crushed, turning yellow in Autumn ( P. nigra ) is tree... Is reported only in scattered occurrences, which may constitute intentional plantings rather than natural ones only a few of! Called this tree has triangular shaped leaves, more broad than long, are often mistakenly called buffaloes to! The shiny leaves that shimmer and shake in the genus Plectrodera drier climate rod the! Scientific name Populus deltoides ssp Birch plant type tree Short Description a stream-side... In Autumn scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested.! -- Populus deltoids fluffy white seeds produced by the shiny leaves that shimmer and shake the... And stout, with which they share the same shaking, shimmering leaves is one of species... Species is divided into three subspecies [ 4 ] [ 7 ] plains cottonwood scientific name. The watercourses across the prairie. related species such as quaking aspen it. Three species in the genus Populus comes from slightest breeze of furniture watercourses across prairie. His horses and mules the bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when,! Scientific ) name: Populus deltoides ssp the statute was amended in,...

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