Following is a list of common softwood varieties and their characteristics. Cedar. Softwood is typically used in construction as structural carcassing timber, as well as finishing timber. Softwoods have poor fire resistance. Due to absence of vessels, softwood can also be referred to as non-porous wood. Softwood lumber is generally classified in three different ways, although the systems used in different countries are different. The term softwood designates wood from gymnosperm trees (plants having seeds with no covering). Softwoods (coniferous) Araucaria. Weights refer to kilograms per cubic metre (35.31 cu. This type of wood is relatively soft (1 on a scale of 1 to 4), has a straight grain, and has a slightly aromatic smell. Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii) Monkey puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana) ParanĂ¡ pine (Araucaria angustifolia) Cedar (Cedrus) Celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius) Cypress (Chamaecyparis, Cupressus, Taxodium) Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica) Bald cypress, southern cypress (Taxodium distichum) These woods are lightweight and softer as compared to hardwoods. ft) of air-dried timber (1 kg =2.2 lb.). Redwood is an example of softwood lumber. This strong, durable timber comes from a massive tree commonly up to 75 m. Western red cedar, as its name implies, has a reddish color to it. These woods are harder and heavier than softwoods. Grown British Columbia; weight 500-575 kg; colour gold/reddish brown. Douglas fir. +44 1604 986028 support@cameroontimberexport.com Next, we take a look at some examples of each of these two types of wood: Types of Softwood Cedar Cedar wood (Image: Wikimedia Commons) The reason why we have included this wood in our list of softwoods is that people tend to consider cedar as hardwood, but no, it is a softwood. Hardwoods have more fire resistance. The most common type of cedar is the western red variety. Softwood is a generic term used in woodworking and the lumber industries for wood from conifers. Softwoods and their uses. Also known as British Columbian pine, Oregon pine. Levels of resilience vary from one softwood species to the next. Cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew are examples of softwoods. Weight. Another softwood lumber, cedar is good for indoor and outdoor projects, and has two main types: White cedar is naturally resistant to rotting and bugs, making it favorable for a variety of construction purposes. Fibres are absent in softwood. Various types of softwood lumber are available. Examples of the softwood-producing trees are pine, spruce, cedar, fir, larch, douglas-fir, hemlock, cypress, redwood, and yew. Color. In this Guide, you will get the information about the differences, uses & examples of Hardwood, Softwood and which type of wood is the best for which purpose. Hardwoods are dark colored woods. The timber may be processed or used as it is for various applications. Softwood lumber is timber obtained from coniferous evergreen trees. First, it is classified by use, and assessed for its strength and stress-bearing qualities. Nature: Hardwoods are non-resinous woods have acids. Examples It can be used for siding, decks, fencing … Softwood is resinous in nature; it has a good and regular texture and a fragrant smell. 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