Plan first, write later. However, in sentences that are predicated by adjectives, there will not be an object, I am pretty 어떤 사람 = which person. … 를 is attached to “pasta” (the object). See Lesson 10 for more information, Example: Therefore, the sentence could just as easily be said as: I don’t like to use grammatical jargon in my lessons, but if you know what these words mean, it could be helpful. A little more than 100,000 won. This word appears in Korean Sign Explanation Video 14. 탁자 위에 = on top of the table No other community uses the hangeul system for graphically representing the sounds of their language. Oh, and what’s your phone number? Take me to the next lesson. 이름을 쓰다 = to write one’s name 집에 가지 마! We can now make sentences using the Korean sentence structure and the Korean particles. 저는 차 두 대가 있어요 = I have two cars He loves me This will make it easier for you to focus on language… Answer: How to say “I am from…” in Korean, 5. Notes: Many new Korean words are simply English words with a Korean pronunciation pronouncing “소파” in Korean will sound like “sofa.” Note that there is no way to pronounce the “F” sound in Korean. 저는 친구를 만났어요 = I met a friend A while ago, I stumbled across a neat little webcomic site created by another Korean language learner. 중국 사람 = Chinese person 이것 = this thing = What is this (thing)? Now that you have 10 Korean conversation scripts, what’s next? 저는 누워서 책을 읽었어요 = I lied down and read a book, Notes 저의 이름은 김한성이에요 = My name is 김한성 The faster you can read, the better you’ll get at reading and speaking in general. 한국 사람들은 보통 아주 착해요 = Korean people are usually very nice, Common Usages: Tip: Memorize these and practice saying them quickly. This YouTube video will prompt you with Korean sentences to dictate using the concepts from this lesson. Notes: When used as the subject of a sentence, 나 translates to “I,” when used as the object of a sentence, “나” translates to “me.” For example: 나는 그 여자를 사랑해 = I love that girl Getting regular … You don’t need to worry about this now, but we see this same thing happen with the word 곳 (meaning “place”) and 때 (meaning “time”). Learning the Korean Phrases is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. 그것은 사진이에요 = That thing is a picture 남자는 방에 들어왔어요 = That man came into room 저는 좋은 책을 읽고 싶어요 = I want to read a good book = How much is this (thing)? In this same respect, while “이, 그 and 저” translate to “this, that and that” respectively, and are placed before nouns to indicate “this noun, that noun and that noun,” “이것, 그것 and 저것” are nouns (they are pronouns). 나무를 심다 = to plant a tree, Examples 나는 친구를 만났어 = I met a friend 저 남자 = That man, 이 여자 = This woman You can download all of these files in one package here. 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) 저는 정신과의사가 되려고 열심히 공부하고 있어요 = I am studying hard to become a psychiatrist, Common Usages: They are men In Korean, the 이다 is used to represent all of those “to be” words. 펜이 탁자에 놓여 있었어요 = The pen was (laying) on the table 저는 어제 집을 두 번 청소했어요 = I cleaned the house twice yesterday (나는 여자야 / 저는 여자예요), 나는 선생님이다 = I am a teacher Want to try to create some sentences using the vocabulary and grammar from this lesson? 대형차 = large sized car (If you study Hanja,  대 (大) means “large”) FYI, America in Korean is Migug. 우리 엄마는 집에 와서 빨리 요리했습니다 = Our/my mom came home and quickly cooked The words are: 감사하다 and 고맙다 are the two words that are commonly used to say “thank you.” However, they are rarely used in those forms and are almost always conjugated. How can you get some good Korean conversation practice from this? 그 여자의 머리 색깔은 자연스러워요 = That girl’s hair color is natural In Unit 0, I taught you how to write words in Korean. When we use adjectives in English, we must also use “to be” words like am, is and are. 이 사람은 저의 누나예요 = This (person) is my sister, Notes: 그 is another example of a “관형사” in Korean. See a translation Report copyright … For example: Sometimes there is no object because it has simply been omitted from the sentence. 선생님은 학생들과 박물관에 갔다 = The teacher went to the museum with the students. 집에 가다 = to go home 저는 선생님이 되고 싶어요 = I want to be a teacher We are smart. 애기는 높은 소파에서 떨어졌어요 = The baby fell from the high sofa, Common Usages 이름을 부르다 = to call one’s name, Examples Korean also has a formality system built into the language. It’ll be easier to understand this with an example: e.g. There are 1250 example sentences in Unit 1. Only verbs can act on objects. They are hungry This is placed after a word to indicate that it is the subject of a sentence. 학생회 = student council 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) The dog bit the mailman 10만원 조금 넘어요 = No. Do you speak … I am going to quickly explain what a “subject” and “object” mean, as your ability to understand later concepts depends on your understanding of this. 그것 = that thing Top 60 Korean Conversational Phrases You Need to Know! Thank you. For example, many people may hear about Korean … My girlfriend is pretty Why questions? 선생님 (or 쌤) is often used to broadly refer to anybody in any form of a teaching position, or anybody who works at any position in a school. I am boring 를 is attached to “you” (the object), 3) I wrote a letter = I는 letter을 wrote K-Drama critic? (그 사람은 의사야 / 그 사람은 의사예요), More examples: 그 사람은 일본에서 왔어요 = That person is from Japan He has Bachelors, Masters and M.Phil. In English, the object always comes after the verb. This is the most common sentence structures in Korean language. 창문 = window Lastly, a neat little trick to find out the object is to ask “What/Who is the (subject) (base verb)-ing?” … You can download all of these files in one package here. 집 = 집은 “That” can be placed before a noun to describe it. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Korean language. 이것을 보셔요 = Look at this (thing) :) **I recommend my class for those people. Sentence Practice (1), (2) | Dictation (1), (2) | Reading Practice | Apply Yourself | Lesson Recap, Jump to: It introduces the true beginners to the Korean sound system, instructional expressions, performances of basic personal interactions, and Hangul - the Korean … 저는 비싼 것만 좋아해요 = I only like expensive things 저는 의사였어요 = I was a doctor, Notes: Informally, you can say “응” to mean “yes”, When speaking on the phone, Korean people often say this many times and pronounce it as “데”, Example 대도시 = a large city = Can you write all of this up for me? 남대문 = “south big gate” – tourist attraction and market in Seoul 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) 이다, like adjectives and unlike verbs cannot act on an object. 저는 저 케이크를 먹고 싶어요 = I want to eat that cake Any word that ends in “다” must be conjugated to be used. Many new Korean words are simply English words with a Korean pronunciation pronouncing “컴퓨터” in Korean will sound like “computer”, Common Usages: America? 남자화장실= men’s bathroom, Examples 선생님은 학생들과 박물관에 갔다 = The teacher went to the museum with the students var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; 저는 의사가 무서워요 = I am afraid of doctors “는” is attached to “the movie” (the subject). 만화책 = comic book (나는 _______ 이야 / 저는 _____이에요). We will get back to them in later lessons when they become important. It is neither a verb nor an adjective, but it behaves like them. Click here for a free PDF of this lesson. 그 is placed before nouns that are being referred to from context or a previous sentence. … Thank you~~ ^.^, Can a none korean girl tell a korean boy that she likes him. 저는 그 여자를 사랑해요 = I love that girl. 서대문 = “west big gate” – tourist attraction and neighborhood in Seoul, Example OK, you know their name. Of course, if you’re visiting, feel free to stick your country in when you say “I am from…” in Korean. 단풍나무 = maple tree Answer: How to say “My name is…” in Korean, 3. The basic structure for a sentence predicated by “이다” is: Now substitute the words for “man” and “I,” which are: The Korean sentence would look like this: Notice that 이다 is attached directly to the second noun. And do you know any other languages? I have not yet taught you how to use those words or how conjugate them. Use 를 when the last letter of the last syllable is a vowel. Greeting Words 그 사람 = That person Many readers of this website have asked me if I knew of any great books or stories that they could use to practice their Korean reading. 저는 학생들에게 수업을 가르쳤어요 = I taught the class to the students 다음 버스는 저 정류장에서 출발할 거예요 = The next bus will depart from that station, Common Usages 그 사람은 미국에서 왔어요 = That person came from the United States But first we need to know what the role of Phrases is in the structure of the grammar in Korean. Before starting to write an essay, article or research paper, it is important to … So, 이다 is not used in these types of sentences: However, 이다 is used in these types of sentences: 이다 is used to indicate that a noun is a noun. = Eat this (thing)! (그 사람은 선생님이야 / 그 사람은 선생님이에요), 이것은 탁자이다 = This (thing) is a table 책을 빌리다 = to borrow a book (usually from a library), Notes: The word used to count books is “권”, Examples Korean Language Program Online Exercises. 우리 아버지는 차를 항상 안전하게 운전해요= Our dad always drives his car safely Take me to the next lesson! Beginning Korean: A Grammar Guide 2 Autumn 2004 Finally, hangeul is uniquely associated with the language, literature, and people of the Korean peninsula. 외과의사 = surgeon 선생님들은 똑똑해요 = Teachers are smart, Common usages: 그는 소파에 앉아 있어요 = He is sitting on the couch Because questions get answers. Want to give your brain practice at recognizing these words? 집 값은 비싸지고 있어 = House prices are getting expensive See more information about 관형사 in my description of “이” above. Examples: 모든 사람 = all people Or, js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; When I was learning how to speak Korean, it took me months to realize some of these things (not because they were hard, but because I was using a text book that never taught me the reason why things are the way they are in Korean). = In Japan, adults read more comic books than young people in America, Notes: On the subway, you will hear “내리실 문은 왼쪽/오른쪽이에요” – “The doors are on your left/right.”, On the bus, you will see signs saying “문이 완전히 열릴 때까지 버스에서 내리거나 문에 기대지 마세요” – “Until the door is fully/completely open, don’t get off the bus or lean on the door”, Common Usages: You can’t conjugate sentences if you don’t have a logical sentence to conjugate; and you can’t create a logical sentence if you don’t know how to conjugate it. (그 사람은 남자야 / 그 사람은 남자예요), 그 사람은 여자이다 = That person is a woman 앞문 = front door Speaking … Poland? 그것 = that thing 수입차 = foreign (imported) car 그 사람의 이름은 뭐예요? Korean people love food, and common way to greet somebody is to ask them if they have eaten. 저는 그것을 친구한테서 들었어요 = I heard that (thing) from my friend. 도시 남자 = a city boy Where often times one word has more than one meaning. So, what are you doing in Korea? 한국 문화 = Korean culture My mom loves me 의자는 탁자보다 더 낮아요 = The chair is lower than the table Common Usages: After hearing all these questions you’re asking them, they’ll want to know… Do you really speak Korean? 캐나다 사람 = Canadian person Korean Particles 저의 사진은 침대 위에 걸려 있어요 = My picture is hanging above my bed Here are a few pieces of useful info about the Korean Alphabet and language. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Click here for a workbook to go along with this lesson. Let’s start building sentences in Korean. 저는 잡지를 탁자 위에 놓을 거예요 = I will put the magazine on the table However, if I were to say: “I don’t like that man [when your friend mentioned him in a previous sentence].” The word “that” in that sentence would be how “그” is used. 이 is a type of word called a “관형사,” which isn’t an adjective, but is another type of word that can be placed before nouns to describe them. 이 차는 너무 비싸요 = This car is too expensive 친구 이름을 잊어버려서는 안 돼요 = You shouldn’t forget your friend’s name. If you were to pick up another Korean text book, I am sure the first chapter would be much easier than this. This is placed after a word to indicate that is the object of a sentence. Is taught in lesson 3 culture, and what ’ s next those words or how conjugate them Congratulations. The object refers to whatever the verb an English learner 저 = 저를, Use을 when last! 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